As we study the trials of Jesus Christ, it is good to start out with the initial understanding of what these events were like. It is amazing at how much this was a travesty on the Jewish judicial system!
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The gospel accounts of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John tell that Jesus Christ endured a three-part Jewish trial before the High Priest and the Sanhedrin:
- Initial trial by Annas, the former High Priest (John 18:12-23)
- Night trial by the current High Priest and the Sanhedrin (Matthew 26:57-68; Mark 14:53-65)
- Morning trial by the Sanhedrin (Matthew 27:1; Mark 15:1; Luke 22:66-71)
These four accounts describe the trial before the Sanhedrin, but they also raise a lot of questions related to the history and the culture:
What is the Sanhedrin? Weren’t the Romans in charge?
Why are there two High Priests mentioned? Who was in charge?
Doesn’t a trial require proof? Were there any laws to protect the accused?
The notes below are an attempt to address these questions.
The Great Sanhedrin
The ancient Jews had a very elaborate legal system. Every town…
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